MILLIMETERS 90 '°° '2°

Compilation © 1993 University Publications of America. All rights reserved.

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A SELECTIVE MICROFILM EDITION

PART III (1887-1898)

Thomas E. Jeffrey Microfilm Editor

Gregory Field Theresa M. Collins David W. Hutchings Lisa Gltclman Leonard DeGraaf Dennis D. Madden

Mary Ann Hcllrigel Paul B. Israel Robert A. Rosenberg Karen A. Detlg Gregory Jankunls Douglas G. Tarr

Reese V. Jenkins Director and Editor

Sponsors

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey National Park Service, Edison National Historic Site New Jersey Historical Commission Smithsonian Institution

University Publications of America Be tiles da, Maryland

Rutgers, The State University endorsed by

National Historical Publications and Records Commissloi 18 June 1981

be^eSoduced^sS to ILT" inC'Udin8 any Portion of ‘heguideld index or of the microfilm may

Newejemeynal d0CUmentS 11115 editl°n ^ ^ 3‘ *he EdiSon National ^toric Site at West Orange,

ISBN 0-89093-702-8.

THOMAS A. EDISON PAPERS

Reese V. Jenkins Director and Editor

Thomas E. Jeffrey Associate Director and Microfilm Editor

Robert A. Rosenberg Managing Editor, Book Edition

Helen Endick

Assistant Director for Administration

Associate Editor

Paul B. Israel

Research Associates Theresa M. Collins David W. Hutchings Karen A. Detig

Gregory Jankunls

Assistant Editors Keith A Nler Gregory Field Lisa Gltelman Martha J. King

Secretary

Grace Kurkowskl

Student Assistant Bethany Jankunls

BOARD OF SPONSORS

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Francis L. Lawrence Joseph J. Seneca Richard F. Foley Rudolph M. Bell

New Jersey Historical Commission Howard L. Green

National Park Service John Maounis Maryanne Gerbauckas Nancy Waters George Tselos Smithsonian Institution Bernard Finn Arthur P. Molella

EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD

James Brittain, Georgia Institute of Technology Alfred D. Chandler, Jr., Harvard University Neil Harris, University of Chicago Thomas Parke Hughes, University of Pennsylvania Arthur Link, Princeton University Nathan Reingold, Smithsonian Institution Robert E. Schofield, Iowa State University

CORPORATE ASSOCIATES

William C. Hittinger (Chairman), RCA Corporation Edward J. Bloustein, Rutgers, The State Univereity of New Jersey * Cees Bnrynes, North American Philips Corporation Paul J. Christiansen, Charles Edison Fund Philip F. Dietz, Westinghouse Electric Corporation Roland W. Schmitt, General Electric Corporation Harold W. Sonn, Public Service Electric and Gas Company Morris Tanenbaum, AT&T

•Deceased.

FINANCIAL CONTRIBUTORS

PRIVATE FOUNDATIONS

The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Charles Edison Fund The Hyde and Watson Foundation Geraldine R. Dodge Foundation

PUBLIC FOUNDATIONS

National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities National Historical Publications and Records Commission

PRIVATE CORPORATIONS AND INDIVIDUALS

Alabama Power Company Amerada Hess Corporation Anonymous AT&T

Atlantic Electric

Companies, Inc.

Battelle Memorial Institute The Boston Edison Foundation Cabot Corporation Foundation, Inc. Carolina Power & Light Company Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc.

Consumers Power Company Coming Glass Works Foundation. Duke Power Company Entergy Corporation (Middle South Electric Systems)

Exxon Corporation Florida Power & Light Company General Electric Foundation Gould Inc. Foundation Gulf States Utilities Company Idaho Power Company International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers

Iowa Power and Light Company

Mr. and Mrs. Stanley H. Katz Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. McGraw-Edison Company Minnesota Power New Jersey Bell New York State Electric & Gas Corporation

North American Philips Corporation Philadelphia Electric Company Philips International B.V.

Public Service Electric and Gas Company RCA Corporation Robert Bosch GmbH Rochester Gas and Electric Corporation

San Diego Gas & Electric Savannah Electric and Power Company Schering-Plough Foundation Texas Utilities Company Thomas & Betts Corporation Thomson Grand Public Transamerica Delaval Inc. Westinghouse Educational Foundation Wisconsin Public Service Corporation

A Note on the Sources

The pages which have been filmed are the best copies available. Every technical effort possible has been made to ensure legibility.

PUBLICATION AND MICROFILM COPYING RESTRICTIONS

Reel duplication of the whole or of any part of this film is prohibited. In lieu of transcripts, however, enlarged photocopies of selected items contained on these reels may be made in order to facilitate research.

DOCUMENT FILE SERIES

The Document File is primarily a collection of incoming letters addressed to Edison. There are also letters addressed to Charles Batchelor, William E. Gilmore, John F. Randolph, Alfred O. Tate, and other Edison associates. The letters frequently contain notations by Edison or his secretaries indicating the nature of the reply. Occasional drafts of outgoing letters can also be found in this file, along with unbound tissue copies (similar in character to the material in the General Letterbook Series) and a variety of other documents such as intra-office memoranda, reports, lists, circulars, and, occasionally, a laboratory sketch on the back of another document.

Most of the items in this collection were initially part of Edison’s own correspondence files, which were maintained by his secretaries and stored in a series of cardboard "letter boxes." After Edison’s death, the documents were transferred by archivists into folders and reorganized within each year according to subjects. Some additional items, not part of the original correspondence files, were subsequently added to the collection. All documents that received a substantive response from Edison have been filmed, along with other letters that contain significant information about Edison, his laboratory and business associates, and their activities. Dockets, endorsements, and other secretarial markings appearing on the backs of letters have not been filmed, except when they contain important information not appearing on the document itself.

Many of the letters for years 1887-1898 relate to the manufacture and marketing of Edison’s improved phonograph and to legal and financial dealings among the various phonograph companies. Much of this material pertains to the business of the North American Phonograph Co., which controlled Edison’s phonograph patents in the United States and Canada. This company served as the exclusive marketing agent for the phonograph in North America from its establishment in 1888 until Edison forced it into bankruptcy in 1894. There are also numerous items from the late 1880s and early 1890s regarding the Edison Phonograph Toy Manufacturing Co., which produced and marketed Edison’s talking doll. A substantial portion of the Document File for the late 1890s consists of documents relating to the activities of the Edison United Phonograph Co., which handled the phonograph business in Great Britain and Continental Europe.

During most of the period 1887-1898, Edison continued to maintain an interest in electric lighting and power, and there are many letters relating to the technical and commercial development of that technology. Among these are documents pertaining to the business of the Edison Machine Works, the Edison Lamp Co., and the Edison Electric Light Co., and to the affairs of various local illuminating companies, particularly the Edison Electric Illuminating Co. of New York and the Edison Electric Light Co. of Philadelphia. There is also material regarding the organization and operations of the Edison General Electric Co., established in 1889, and its successor, the General Electric Co.

Other letters deal with mining and ore milling, the phonoplex system of telegraphy, electric traction systems, and the mimeograph. There is also correspondence pertaining to the technical and commercial development of motion pictures. Among the documents for 1896 are a sizeable number of letters concerning Edison’s x-ray experiments. In addition to the business correspondence, there are documents relating to Edison’s personal finances and to his family affairs. The "Edison, T.A. - Family" folders for 1897 and 1898 contain numerous letters by and about Edison’s oldest son, Thomas A. Edison, Jr.

The items in the Document File are arranged by year and are subdivided into broad subject categories within each year. Many of the entries relate to technologies such as the phonograph, the electric light, and motion pictures. These technology folders are frequently subdivided according to one or more of the following categories:

(1) "General" (e.g., "Electric Light - General");

(2) a particular company (e.g., "Phonograph - North American

Phonograph Co.");

(3) a more specific aspect of the technology (e.g., "Mining - Surveys");

(4) "Foreign" (e.g., "Electric Light - Foreign - United Kingdom"; "Phonograph - Foreign - Frazar & Company").

Documents that deal with more than one technology or that do not fall under any of the main technology categories are filed in the "Edison, T.A. - General"

folder. Readers interested in a particular topic should consult the various "General" folders in addition to more specific subcategories relating to their interests.

Documents pertaining to various Edison technologies can also be found in other folders throughout the Document File. For example, the "Patents" folders contain correspondence to and from Edison’s patent attorneys and agents. Thus, a letter concerning the status of a particular phonograph patent would be found in the "Patents" folder (rather than a "Phonograph" folder), along with other letters whose focus was on the patent rather than the technology. Other folders that frequently contain technology-related material include "Edison, T.A. - Articles," "Edison, T.A. - Outgoing Correspondence," "Exhibitions," and "West Orange Laboratory." Unsolicited (and, generally, unfilmed) letters relating to various technologies, as well as to a variety of other matters, are usually filed in one of the "Edison, T.A. - Unsolicited Correspondence" folders.

Although most Edison companies are categorized as subentries within a particular technology, a few companies appear as main entries because their activities embraced several technologies. For example, the Edison Manufacturing Co., which was involved in the manufacture or marketing of phonograph cylinders, motion picture equipment, the Edison-Lalande batteiy, and several other Edison products, is treated as a main entry rather than as a subdivision within the "Phonograph," "Motion Pictures," and "Batteiy" folders. Related material regarding the business of Edison’s various companies can be found in the Company Records Series.

Undated documents pose an especially difficult organizational problem, since the filing system for the Document File requires the attribution of a year to each document prior to its placement in a subject folder. Undated documents that were likely generated within the year of attribution, along with others that present no compelling evidence of being misfiled, remain within the main run of dated folders. Thus, for each year of the Document File, there are numerous folders that contain one or more undated items following the chronological sequence of dated documents. On the other hand, undated documents for which no specific year can reasonably be conjectured are filed in an "Undated Documents" folder at the end of the run of dated folders for 1887-1898.

Incoming correspondence and other unbound documents can also be found in other series on the microfilm. See, particularly, the Company Records Series, Legal Series, Special Collections Series, and Vouchers and Attached Correspondence Series.

Unbound letters and other documents relating to the period 1870-1886 that were discovered subsequent to the filming of Parts I and II of the microfilm edition can be found in the "Supplement to Part I and Part II."

1887 DOCUMENT FILE

1887. Bergmann & Company (D-87-01)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the business of Bergmann & Co. The company manufactured electric lighting fixtures, sockets, and other devices used with the Edison system of electric lighting, as well as equipment for the Edison phonoplex system of telegraphy. Some of the documents pertain to phonoplex batteiy experimentsconducted by Charles Wirt, electrician of the company, while other material deals with increases in the company’s capital stock.

1887. Dick (A.B.) Company (D-87-02)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the mimeograph and electric pen business of A.B. Dick Co. Some of the items pertain to the establishment of sales agencies to market the mimeograph and Edison inventions such as the phonograph. A few letters deal with royalty payments.

1887. Drexel, Morgan & Company (D-87-03)

This folder contains correspondence about financial transactions undertaken by Drexel, Morgan & Co. for Edison or his companies. The letters deal with topics that do not fall under the main subject categories. Most of the correspondence relates to routine exchanges of money.

1887. Edison, TA. - General (D-87-04)

This folder contains documents, primarily correspondence, covering a wide variety of subjects. Some of the material relates to personal matters. Also included are documents that deal with more than one subject, such as a letter about both the electric light and the phonograph. Documents concerning subjects that do not fall under the main subject categories are also filed in this folder. Among the items arc several documents pertaining to Edison s plans for the West Orange laboratory and his attempt to obtain financial assistance from William Lloyd Garrison, Jr., and his associates in the Boston area.

1887. Edison, TA. - Articles (D-87-05)

This folder contains correspondence requesting Edison to write articles; correspondence relating to articles about Edison or his inventions; and letters from journalists seeking to interview Edison.

1887. Edison, TA. - Autograph and Photograph Requests (D-87-06) [not filmed]

This folder contains routine correspondence requesting Edison’s autograph or asking for photographs of him.

1887. Edison, TA. - Bills and Receipts (D-87-07) [not filmed]

This folder contains bills and receipts for routine West Orange laboratory, personal, and family expenses.

1887. Edison, TA. - Bills of Lading (D-87-08) [not filmed]

This folder contains bills of lading for the shipment of merchandise to Edison or to the West Orange laboratory. 6

1887. Edison, TA. - Book and Journal Orders (D-87-09) [not filmed]

This folder contains correspondence, bills, and receipts relating to the ordering of books and journals.

1887. Edison, T.A. - Outgoing Correspondence (D-87-17)

This folder contains copies of outgoing correspondence similar to the material found in the Lettcrbook Scries Much of the correspondence was typed by Edison's office staff. Most of the letters cover the period Novcmbcr- Dccember 1887 and pertain to the phonograph, the phonoplex system, mining and ore milling, electric lighting, and other technical and business interests. Some of the letters deal with the construction of the West Orange th0 ms'a"atl°n of electric wires at Glenmont. There is also some personal correspondence. Much of the correspondence is by Edison’s private secretary, Alfred O. Tate. There are also letters by Edison’s associate, Charles Batchelor, on behalf of the West Orange laboratory. 3

1887. Edison, T.A. - Real Estate (D-87-18)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the purchase of land adjacent to the West Orange laboratory for construction of the Edison Phonograph Works. There is also an offer to purchase land owned by Edison in Washington, D.C.

1887. Edison, T. A. - Secretary Insull, Samuel (D-87-19)

The year 1887 was a transitional period for Edison’s office staff. Samuel Insull, who had served as private secretary since 1881, began taking a more active role in managing Edison’s business interests, especially the Edison Machine Works, and began assigning many of his secretarial responsibilities to Alfred O. Tate. By the end of the year, Tate had officially assumed the position of Edison’s private secretary. This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to Insult's role as Edison’s secretary and business manager, along with occasional items pertaining to bis private life. Included are numerous letters by Insull, instructing Tate to act on his behalf in matters concerning the payment of overdue bills, stock transfers, the discounting of promissory notes, and other financial affairs involving Edison and himself. There is also correspondence regarding a personal dispute between Insull and Tate. In addition, this folder contains those letters addressed to Insull in his capacity as Edison’s secretary or representative that do not fall under the main subject categories. Letters addressed to Insull that deal with a specific subject or the business of a particular company can be found in their appropriate subject folders.

1887. Edison, T.A. - Secretary - Randolph, John (D-87-20) [not filmed]

This folder contains routine correspondence and other documents relating to John F. Randolph’s role as Edison’s bookkeeper and Alfred O. Tate’s office assistant. Included are memoranda by Randolph pertaining to the shipment of miscellaneous equipment from the Menlo Park laboratoiy; communications from Edison’s banks regarding various personal and business accounts handled by Randolph; and other material relating to Edison’s personal and business expenses. Also included are routine letters addressed to Randolph in his capacity as bookkeeper that do not fall under the main subject categories.

1887. Edison, T.A. - Secretary - Tate, Alfred O. (D-87-21) fnot filmed]

This folder contains correspondence and other documents addressed to Edison’s private secretary, Alfred O. Tate, which do not fall under the main subject categories. Some of the documents were sent to Tate in his capacity as Edison’s secretary and deal with routine business and legal matters. Other items relate to Tate’s private affairs, such as his membership in various clubs and societies. Also included are routine documents pertaining to the phonoplex system of telegraphy and to business activities unrelated to Edison. Letters addressed to Tate that deal with a specific subject or the business of a particular company can be found in their appropriate subject folders.

1887. Edison, T.A. - Shipping (D-87-22) [not filmed]

This folder con tains correspondence and other documents relating to the shipment of supplies, machinery, and other equipment to the West Orange laboratory. There arc also some items pertaining to the shipment of Edison’s personal goods.

1887. Edison, T.A. - Suppliers (D-87-23) [not filmed]

This folder contains correspondence pertaining to suppliers of equipment and materials for Edison. Letters that are directly related to the West Orange laboratory or to a specific company can be found in D-87-56 (West Orange Laboratory - Suppliers) and in the various company folders.

1887. Edison, T.A. - Unsolicited Correspondence - Foreign Language (D-87-28) [not filmed]

This folder contains routine personal requests, fan mail, and other items for which no record of a significant response by Edison has been found. Included are letters asking Edison for educational advice, personal information, loans, charitable contributions, exhibits of his inventions, and other personal favors.

1887. Edison, T.A. - Visitors (D-87-30) [not filmed]

This folder contains routine letters of introduction and requests to visit Edison and/or tour the West Orange laboratory. Some of the correspondence pertains to an appointment for George Charles Spencer Churchill, the Duke of Marlborough.

1887. Electric Light - General (D-87-31)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to electric lighting and power, the incandescent lamp, arc lighting, and the search for bamboo and other fibrous plants in Latin America. Some of the documents arc by Arthur C. Payne and Frank McGowan, who conducted the fiber search in Latin America. Included also are a series of letters from William Barr pertaining to the installation of electric lighting in his home in Llewellyn Park.

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the business of the Edison Electric Light Lo. Much of the correspondence is by Edward H. Johnson, president of the company, and Frank S. Hastings, secretary and treasurer. Included are proposed amendments to the company’s by-laws.

•Hus folder contain* correspondence and reports relating to experiments and tests conducted on dynamos phonoplex condensers, tubes, wires, and other equipment. There are numerous reports and letters by Hen™

citmles Batdiehlr v- °f 'v ?'“!! Machif Works in Schenectady. Many of these items are addressed to Charles Batchelor, vice president and general manager of the company. Also included is correspondence by Batchelor pertaining to dynamo tests conducted by him. P '

1887. Electric Light - Edison United Manufacturing Company (D-87-38)

Manufacmrri^nclnST^rrCSPOndCnCC “1 °thC|; documcn,s relating to the business of the Edison United toctudinf x ™mpa"y Sarvcd as thc salcs a8cnt for various Edison electric light companies,

including Bergmann & Co., the Edison Lamp Co., and the Edison Machine Works Much of the to thesqleliTT “» ^ Pjf/1®8 E‘ Chinnock' vic0 president of thc Edison United Manufacturing Co., and relates to a^^^Ukmla^the'eleclrhlJ^^hidusUy^ isolated plants, and central stations. Some of the letters pertain

1887. Electric Light - Edison Wiring Company (D-87-39)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the formation and operations of the Edison Wiring Co. This company served as the contractor for the installation of Edison electric light systems. Among the documents are proposals for wiring work at Edison’s West Orange laboratory and at Henry B. Auchincloss’ house in Llewellyn Park.

1887. Electric Light Western Edison (D-87-40) [not filmed]

This folder contains routine correspondence by D.H. Louderback, secretary, and John M. Clark, president, pertaining to meetings of the board of directors and to Edison’s election as a director at the annual stockholders’ meeting.

1887. Electric Light - Foreign - General (D-87-41)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the establishment of electric lighting systems in foreign countries. Included is correspondence regarding the lamp manufacturing concern in Berlin, Germany, operated by Deutsche Edison Gesellschaft.

1887. Electric Light - Foreign - Edison & Swan United Electric Light Company, Ltd. (D-87-42)

This folder contains correspondence relating to the affairs of the Edison & Swan United Electric Light Co., Ltd. Almost all of the letters are by S. Flood Page, secretaiy of the company. Many of them deal with jumbo dynamos manufactured for the Edison central station in Milan, Italy. Others concern improved Edison lamps shipped from continental Europe to the United Kingdom without the consent of Edison & Swan.

1887. Electric Light - Foreign - Edison’s Indian & Colonial Electric Company, Ltd. (D-87-43)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents by Charles Francis Stone regarding money owed the defunct law firm of Porter, Lowrey, Soren & Stone by Edison’s Indian & Colonial Electric Co., Ltd.

1887. Exhibitions (D-87-44)

This folder contains correspondence concerning an exhibition at the American Institute in New York City. Also included is an invitation from the Belgian consul general asking Edison to serve on the American commission of the International Exhibition of Sciences and Industries to be held in Brussels in 1888.

1887. Fort Myers (D-87-45)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents pertaining to the maintenance of Edison's home and property at Fort Myers, Florida. Included are property tax receipts; correspondence about the shipment of machinery to Fort Myers; and two undated ground plans of the Fort Myers property showing the location of Edison’s residence and laboratory along with the residence of his associate, Ezra T. Gilliland.

1887. Glenmont (D-87-46)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the furnishing and maintenance of Glenmont, Edison’s home in Llewellyn Park. Included are documents dealing with electric light system installation and with cleaning and other household services. There are also inventories of furnishings. Related documents pertaining to miscellaneous household purchases can be found in D-87-07 (Edison, T.A. - Bills and

1887. Mining - General (D-87-47)

This folder attains correspondence and other documents relating to mining and ore milling. Some of the items deal with Edison’s ore milling and ore processing machinery. Other documents pertain to the purchase of mineral samples. Among the correspondents are William E. Hidden, a former Edison associate; Witherbees, Sherman & Co. of Port Hemy, New York; and the Green River Zircon Mining Co. of Hendersonville, North

1887. Mining - Edison Ore Milling Company, Ltd. (D-87-48)

re letters pertaining to Ocean Magnetic Iron Co. stock and to Sherburne B. Eaton’s claim for money he loaned to the ore milling company. The documents also include Edison’s resignation as president and director of the Edison Ore Milling Co.

1887. Patents (D-87-49)

This folder contains correspondence to and from Edison’s patent attorneys and agents, along with other letters relating to domestic and foreign patent applications, patent litigation, and other patent matters. Also included is a letter from the solicitor general of the United States concerning litigation against the American Bell W SerreU C°’ Am°Dg ^ COrrespondents are attorneys Jol>n C. Tomlinson, Richard N. Dyer, and Lemuel

1887. Phonograph - General (D-87-50)

This folder contains correspondence concerning the manufacture and promotion of the phonograph and the organization and management of domestic phonograph companies. Some of the documents pertain to the formation of the Edison Phonograph Toy Manufacturing Co. and the Liquidation of the Edison Speaking Phonograph Co. Among the correspondents are Uriah H. Painter, a stockholder of the Edison Speaking Phonograph Co.; Ezra T. Gilliland, general agent of the Edison Phonograph Co.; and Edward H. Johnson? treasurer of the Edison Speaking Phonograph Co.

1887. Phonograph - Foreign (D-87-51)

This folder contains correspondence relating to the phonograph business in the United Kingdom and continental Europe. Many of the letters pertain to European patent applications. There are also documents concerning phonogram messages sent to the United Kingdom and the exhibition of the phonograph in that comury. Much of the correspondence is by George E. Gouraud, Edison’s foreign phonograph agent residing

1887. Telegraph - General (D-87-52)

This folder contains correspondence pertaining to quadruplex and wireless telegraphy. Many of the documents deal with the organization and management of various domestic and foreign railway telegraph companies, mcluding the Railway Train Telegraphy Co., the Railway Telegraph & Telephone Co, the International TeIegraphGjraPh C°'’ ^ ConsoUdated Railway Telegraph Co, and the Consolidated International Railway

1887. Telegraph - Phonopiex (D-87-53)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents pertaining to the Edison Phonopiex System of Telegraphy. Most of the documents relate to the installation of phonopiex circuits on various American and Canadian railroads Some of the items deal with the problem of Ending suitable batteries, condensers, and other components. Much of the correspondence is by W.S. Logue, field agent for the phonopiex system. Most of Logue s letters are addressed to Edison’s secretary, Alfred O. Tate. Tate served as the company’s electrician

and oversaw its daily business operations. There are also documents addressed to Samuel Insull, manager of the phonoplex system. By 1887, Edison himself was only tangentially involved in phonoplex operations, and very few letters to or from him can be found in this folder.

In the selection of documents, a case study approach has been used. Most of the items on the microfilm relate to the Chicago & Grand Trunk Railway and, beginning in late November, the Pennsylvania Railroad. Both of these companies adopted the phonoplex system. In addition, the following documents have been filmed: material relating to foreign phonoplex operations; items regarding the system’s commercial difficulties and its competition; and one letter addressed to Edison’s father, Samuel, concerning a phonoplex contract. Among the documents not filmed are the items dealing with phonoplex operations on the Lehigh Valley, Canadian Pacific, Norfolk and Western, Philadelphia & Reading, and approximately fifteen other railroads. Some of the lines not selected, such as the Lehigh Valley, adopted the system, but most declined to employ the phonoplex due to its cost and its reputed technical problems or because of unsatisfactory trials.

1887. Telephone (D-87-54)

This folder contains correspondence relating to the telephone in the United States and abroad. Many of the documents deal with the Edison Gower-BeU Telephone Co. of Europe, Ltd. Some material pertains to Edison’s European patent assignments and contracts. Also included are royalty notices from the American Bell Telephone Co.

1887. West Orange Laboratory - General (D-87-55)

This folder contains correspondence, agreements, specifications, and other documents relating to the design and construction of Edison’s West Orange laboratory. Most of the documents are addressed to Charles Batchelor, superintendent of construction. Included are letters from architects, contractors, construction companies, and suppliers. Some of the documents pertain to the replacement of H. Hudson Holly, the original architect of the laboratory, by Joseph H. Taft.

1887. West Orange Laboratory - Suppliers - General (D-87-56)

This folder contains correspondence, agreements, and other documents relating to the equipping of Edison’s West Orange laboratory. Most of the letters are addressed to Charles Batchelor, who oversaw the construction and furnishing of the laboratory. There is correspondence from Armington & Sims, J. H. Bunnell & Co., Janies W. Queen & Co., and other suppliers. Also included are specifications from Babcock & Wilcox for boilers and letters from the Holyoke Machine Co. and Otis Brothers & Co. regarding the installation of the

1887. West Orange Laboratory - Suppliers - Edison Machine Works (D-87-57)

This folder contains correspondence relating to the purchase of supplies for Edison’s West Orange laboratory and the shipment of tools, machinery, and materials to the laboratory. Most of the letters are by Harry M. Livor, manager of the Shafting Department of the Edison Machine Works, and John Kruesi, assistant general manager of the Edison Machine Works. Related material can be found in D-87-36 (Electric Light - Edison Machine Works).

1887. Bergmann & Company (D-87-01)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the business of Bergmann & Co. The company manufactured electric lighting fixtures, sockets, and other devices used with the Edison system of electric lighting, as well as equipment for the Edison phonoplex system of telegraphy. Some of the documents pertain to phonoplex battery experiments conducted by Charles Wirt, electrician of the company, while other material deals with increases in the company’s capital stock.

Approximately 60 percent of the documents have been filmed. The following categories of documents have not been filmed: routine correspondence relating to accounts, stock certificates, and orders for phonoplex and electric light equipment; meeting announcements; other routine business correspondence; bills and receipts.

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Edison Electric Light Fixtures & Appliances.

[ENCLOSURE]

BERGM ANN & CO.

ELECTRICAL WORKS.

-Edison Electric Light Fixtures ’& Appliances.

Mnalion (Elanlric Light anil Gas) Mures a Spaciall).

Durigus ana Estimates furnished on application. The Most Complete Faoilltle. for all Hmbof Electrical Work, 202. 204. 200 & 20S AVENUE 13.

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All Appliances for the Edison Electiic Light ,

5. 9^, d 298 Avenue B, Oor. !7th St.

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Designs and Estimates BER. GIVI ANN &, CO.

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^Lpfisfic Eleofpic enjd (Sar^bigerfiar) Rix'fu:

All Appliances for the Edison Electric Light,

292, 294, 296 & 298 Avenue B, Cor. 17th St.

rcK . SHOW.ROOMS AT No 6s FiFTH A VE.

> BERGM.ANN & CO.

Designs ana Estimates v J^iLiKLrM.AJN JN & CO. Themostoompletefaoilities

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SHOW-ROOMS AT No. 65 FIFTH AVE.

Designs and Estimates BERGMAN N & CO. The most oomplotofaoilities

on Application, ELECTRICAL W O R K S of Eleotrioal Work,

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All Appliances for the Edison Electric Light ,

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Designs and Estimates furnished on Application,

SHOW-ROOMS AT No. 65 FIFTH AVE. / ? S' 7 " 0 ? ~f7

BERGMANN & CO.

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ELECTRICAL WORKS

Patentees and Authorized Manufacturers of

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* Electric Isijkt and Comlsination Rixixipe^, *

All Appliances for the Edison Electric Light ,

Office and Works: 298, 294, 296 & 298 Avenue B, Cor. 17th St. SSSSL New York NSW Y°r SeP* . 17th. 1 887

Dear Sir:

Enclosed find copies of letters, which I. have sen t to Mr.Johnsoi on the subject of our fixture business. Please read the same careful ly-they will explain themselves.

It ls> my Intention to call a meeting of the Directors of this Company sometime next week, to discuss the matter and I desire that you be in¬ formed in advance about it.

Yours truly

S. Bergmans

[ENCLOSURE]

A J-rr.i>,v i. do .

SHOW-ROOMS AT No. 65 FIFTH AVE.

Designs and Estimates BERGMAN N & CO.

on Application. ELECTRICAL WORKS

Patentees and Authorised Manufacturers of

ThemoBtoomplete facilities for all kinds of Eleotrioal Work.

j . J uicmccs ana numonzei Manufacturers of -

* Electric Isi^t and Combination Fixture^ *.

All Appliances for the Edison Electric Light,

Office and Works: 292, 294, 296 & 298 Avenue B, Cor. 17th St.

ACNOBERG, New York

Mr. S. H. Johnson

Pres. Eergmann & Co.

C^l

New York. Sept. 10th. 1887

Dear Sir:

I wish you would give me your views carefully considered, as Pres. of Bergmann & Co. and a principal stockholder in same, on the following matter.

Since Mitchell., Vance & Go. have failed we have been urged from every quarter to furnish fixtures, insulating joints &c. and we already have been compelled by our moral obligations to the Edison Company to refuse about $100,000 worth of orders, which would have netted us a handsome profit, as we could get much better prices than we get now from the Edison Companies. There is no doubt that our good Work in the past, our prices and designs have placed us at the head of the business of furnishing electric light and combination fixtures and that we could, with-' out any great effort enormously increase our business' in this line and double our dividends' immediately.

We owe a duty to our stockholders as well as to the Edison Electric Light Go. and it is my duty to call their attention to this, matter and ask. their views ana wishes. I, need not detail to you all the circumstances surrounding this. questiOn-you are as familiar with, them as I am. The Edison Electric Light Co. have bound up our fixture business by a contract, which is unequal, but which

[ENCLOSURE]

SHOW-ROOMS AT No. 65 FIFTH AVE.

Designs and Estimates iB'ERGMANN & COf - nemnst^ilteUitles

-SSL electrical WORKS rf£S2SU..

, ^ j , _ Patentees attd Authorized Manufacturers of - «===j~==» - ;’T

- ■-Elfectpii -and. Ckjmkm&tfon $ixtape$, *

j All: Appliances] for Hke :Edisan:.Ehciric:ilJ[gMyL\Y^ ,

Office and Works: 292; 294,-296 & 298 Avenue B, Cor. 17th St.

ACNPBERG, New York ' ,:<?c^JC-u~2-." ' 1 ' ' •'

A*- have thus far faithfully kept. We recognized in the beginning that the Edison Electric Light Co.could not be called on, as they were morally bound to do, to protect us against infringements, by refusing to recognize the work of infringing1 manufacturers or to permi t their goods to be used on their plants, but the time is at hand now if it